A new report shows that the number of rural jobs has increased by a third in the last three years, as the region continues to grow.
It found that between 2012 and 2014, more than 10 million people were in rural employment in Italy.
“While Italy is becoming a modernising nation, there is still a huge gap between the average income of those who are rural and those who live in cities,” said Gianluca Di Maio, chief executive of the Italian Employers’ Association (IEA).
“The increase in the number and complexity of jobs and the demand for jobs are the most significant determinants of the growth of rural employment.”
Di Maios report found that the proportion of people in rural jobs had increased by almost 40 percent between 2011 and 2014.
In cities, the share of the population in the labour market has increased slightly.
While the report noted that “there has been a considerable decline in the share who are in rural work”, the IEA said that in cities, a majority of people still work in the countryside.
Di Maia said that while the country is still seeing a shift towards urbanisation, rural jobs are still important for local communities and the economy.
“We know that rural jobs offer a way of livelihoods for a lot of people.
According to Di Maiolo, the rise in the rural sector is partly due to the increase in demand. “
But there are still some people who work in rural areas that are often excluded from the job market, because they are too old, too poor or not connected to the community,” he said.
According to Di Maiolo, the rise in the rural sector is partly due to the increase in demand.
“Many of the jobs are now in the public sector and they require skills that are not available in cities.
We know that this is the reason why we see a significant number of young people joining the rural jobs,” he explained.
The IEA’s report shows the number for rural jobs grew by almost 20 percent between 2012-2014.
However, there was a noticeable drop in the overall number of people employed in the agricultural sector, as that sector is now largely dominated by companies and the public administration.
The report also noted that a large number of small and medium-sized enterprises have also taken over in the agro-industrial sector.
“In urban centres, we see more opportunities for young people who want to work in agriculture,” Di Maie said.
The increase in rural economic activity has coincided with an increase in job opportunities for the country’s youth.
In recent years, there has been an increase of around 25 percent in the unemployment rate of youth aged 15-19.
However Di Maione said that the recent recession is the main factor behind the increase.
“It’s the first time since the industrial revolution that unemployment is lower than it was in the mid-1980s,” he stressed.
“There are still a lot more people in need of employment, but unemployment is not as high as it used to be.”
The Iea said that although the job opportunities are increasing, there are significant barriers that limit the access of young graduates to the sector.
This is partly because of the low pay and lack of benefits that rural and small businesses face.
“This is a problem for young graduates who want a better career, but it also affects their family and social connections,” DiMaio said.
DiMaionos report also found that many young people feel that their career aspirations are still tied to the country, and that their ability to find employment is still limited.
“Our report shows we need to take the right steps in order to provide them with a more productive career path,” Di Masio said, stressing that they need to be able to find work in urban centres.
Di Mio said that there is a need to change the system to allow young people to find more work in towns and cities.
“If we want to grow the economy, we need a better job market for young Italians.
We need to make it easier for young citizens to get jobs and be employed,” he concluded.