How to stay out of homelessness and poverty in Rural India: How to do it yourself article How is it possible that even the most basic necessities are unaffordable in rural areas?
Many people have never been in rural poverty.
But in the last five years, there has been a huge growth in the rural population.
As many as 11 crore households have become the poorest in the country, according to a recent report by the government-run Indian Institute of Rural Development (IIRD).
For some, this means that even when their families do not work or pay rent, they do not have any financial security at all.
This is why they need help.
When the IRID reports that 10 crore households in India have no access to basic foodgrains and other essentials like water and electricity, and another 7.5 crore are living on less than Rs. 1 a day, the numbers don’t stop there.
As per the IIT report, in the poorest areas, people are living in squalor, with children living in slums, with a life expectancy of less than a year.
And then there is the issue of land.
More than 5,400 crore hectares of land are lying fallow in the state of Maharashtra, according the latest census, and it is estimated that this could be worth as much as Rs. 8,000 crore in terms of crop yields.
According to the report, India is now the world’s third-most-poor country, after China and Bangladesh, with an average per capita income of Rs. 21,742 in 2011.
It also points out that only 1% of the population owns any land.
The government-sanctioned Rishikesh Urban Land Bank (RULB) is supposed to help rural poor buy land for farming, but the vast majority of its members are illiterate and have no idea what they are doing.
In addition, land acquisition is often done without any compensation, often in the name of a charity.
Land has been taken for a variety of purposes.
For instance, the IORD report says that the government has granted 2,09,851 hectares of agricultural land in 2012.
That is a mere 0.6% of what is actually being used.
A recent report in The Times of India says that some of these plots have been converted into luxury flats, while others have been given to rich farmers.
There is also a huge gap between what is being allotted and what is needed.
“If we want to make any progress, it is going to take us by the hand,” said Kishore Kumar, a lawyer in rural Uttar Pradesh.
To make matters worse, many of these poor people are forced to rely on loans and subsidies from their local communities, especially the farmers.
A recent government report said that farmers in Maharashtra had loaned an average of Rs 12,500 per acre in 2011-12, while in the states of Gujarat and Tamil Nadu, the average loan was Rs 5,200 per acre.
The government has been forced to address this gap by introducing land transfer tax (STT), a land-transfer tax levied on land.
However, this has left rural poor with nothing to fall back on.
An average of 3.5 lakh farmers have fallen prey to the STT system since 2008.
Rural poverty is a serious issue in rural Kerala, where the average family income of less-than Rs. 2 a day is one of the highest in the world, according a report by IndiaSpend.
Even though it is the most densely populated state in the South-East Asian nation, Kerala has only 8.4% of its people living in poverty.
The IORR also said that the state had a problem with poor drainage.
At the height of the monsoon, farmers are forced into extreme drought.
During the monsoons, they have to spend days in fields and, as a result, farmers’ water is scarce.
Moreover, farmers in the city are in a position to sell their water for a much higher price.
Many people, like Kumar, have been forced into debt to finance their land purchases.
Kumar is one such farmer.
He had a home in the Kannur region of Kerala and is now living in a hostel in the capital, Madurai.
His debt to the bank is now Rs. 6 lakh, which he says is due to the government’s failure to pay the loan.
Since he had no access at all to a loan before the monstry flood hit the state, he had to borrow money from his family.
I have been making money for a few years, but when I am not making money, I have to borrow from my family for water,” he said.
While his loan has been