A decentralised rural development system is a decentralized application which allows the user to manage and share information about his or her community and resources, according to the website of the National Rural Development Authority (NRDA).
The system is said to provide better management and governance services to rural communities.
According to the NRDA, the decentralised management system can be used to:• Establish and operate rural development organizations (RDO) for rural residents in remote areas of the country.• Provide rural health and social services.• Improve livelihoods of rural households.• Estimate and manage the growth of the economy and the livelihood of rural communities by providing rural development services.
The NRDA website says that the decentralized RDO system can provide:• The establishment and administration of rural development agencies, including:• Rural Development Commission for the Rural Areas (RDBC)• Rural Infrastructure Development Board for Rural Areas and Regional Development (RIDBI)• RDI Development Fund (RDF)• Cooperative Agencies for Rural Development (CAFRD)• Local Cooperative Development (LCD) to promote rural development in remote villages.• Coordinate activities of all the stakeholders of rural projects, including local councils, community leaders, representatives of NGOs, and stakeholders from the broader society.• Develop, implement and operate RDI programs and services, including cooperative education and outreach programs, including for rural students.• Support rural development and rural infrastructure development projects, especially in the rural regions, to improve livelihoods, increase land tenure, improve water quality, and increase productivity of local businesses.• Ensure local governance through the formation of local councils and regional governments to protect local rights and provide effective governance of rural areas.• Promote and strengthen local development in the form of local governance by encouraging and supporting the development of local enterprises, including small- and medium-sized enterprises, and small-scale farmers.• Build a decentralised system of rural governance, and support the decentralization of the system by ensuring that it operates efficiently, efficiently and transparently.
The website states that a decentralized rural development service system can facilitate:• Rapid deployment of services and programs;• Rapid delivery of services;• Responsible and accountable implementation of rural economic and social development activities.• Access to a full range of information and services.
In the latest edition of its “Rural Development for Sustainable Development: Challenges and Opportunities” (2016), the NRMA also noted that rural development is currently a neglected area and it is imperative that rural communities are included in the development process, especially those with little access to modern technology.
The report also noted, however, that “the rural development needs of rural people are not being met in many countries.”
Rural development, it said, requires a combination of sustainable development, public health, social protection and environmental sustainability, as well as a diverse range of public services.
It also noted rural areas should be given priority in public investment in infrastructure, energy and other infrastructure projects.
The “Rurality of the Land”, the 2016 edition of the NRHA report, has been translated by the NRSA and published on their website.