In India’s vast, arid plains, where people have little access to electricity and limited access to health care, millions of rural residents have been left to fend for themselves.
This is where the rural development guidelines (RDC) come in.
But in a country that has made massive progress on climate change, this has become an issue of national importance.
The government has been pushing for greater access to water and sanitation in rural areas, but it has faced criticism for not addressing the underlying causes of poverty and deprivation.
The RDC seeks to help poor people move out of poverty by providing them with a secure livelihood and ensuring that they can build an adequate standard of living.
While the government is keen to expand the RDC to all rural areas of the country, some are concerned that this will lead to the transfer of land to richer people and thereby deprive them of any income that they need to sustain themselves.
According to a recent study by the Centre for Social and Economic Research (CSER), a think tank, some 7% of rural households in India rely on agriculture as their sole source of income.
In addition, in rural India, almost one in three families does not have access to toilets, water, or electricity.
The CSER study said that this translates into more than 2 million people in rural households who are either in a rural-dependent state or have limited access.
“It is a crisis of hunger and insecurity in rural communities that are facing the worst poverty and lack of access to basic services,” said R.S. Varma, the managing director of CSER.
“These people, who are dependent on agriculture, are often not able to make ends meet.
They are often unable to afford basic necessities and can’t access basic education or healthcare.
R. S. Varia, managing director, Centre for Urban Economics at the Centre For Social and Economics, CSER The RDP is a federal policy document that aims to address some of the underlying issues of poverty in rural Indian villages, such as water and nutrition, and the absence of sanitation. “
The problem is that this is a situation where we are spending billions of dollars on infrastructure projects that have failed to address the underlying factors,” he added.
R. S. Varia, managing director, Centre for Urban Economics at the Centre For Social and Economics, CSER The RDP is a federal policy document that aims to address some of the underlying issues of poverty in rural Indian villages, such as water and nutrition, and the absence of sanitation.
The guidelines focus on four major issues: 1.
Improving the rural economy: While the RDP aims to improve the economic health of the rural poor, it also aims to build an effective and inclusive rural economy.
“This is an issue that is not being addressed in the RDS,” said Varma.
“If we look at the RDA and the RSD, it is not about addressing poverty.
This has been the case for decades in India,” he said.
“We need to address poverty first.
The problems are there and it needs to be addressed first.”
Improves access to housing: Housing is a key element of rural development and is crucial to maintaining rural stability.
“In order to make a transition from a rural economy to a modern one, we need to provide basic infrastructure for rural households and their families to have a secure and sustainable livelihood,” said D.N. Rao, an economist at the Central Bank of India (CBI) and former chairperson of the Rural Development Policy Board.
“But it is also a key factor that contributes to poverty,” he told Al Jazeera.
“Many of these poor households are in the rural areas and lack access to infrastructure, like roads, water and electricity, and so it makes it hard to move out and live independently,” he continued.
“And these are people who are the most vulnerable in the context of climate change.
If you don’t provide infrastructure and water, they can’t survive.
So we need more support in this regard.”
Ensuring rural infrastructure: This is also an area where the RDD has been largely ignored.
“When we look for rural infrastructure, we find that there are some gaps.
There are no roads in rural rural areas,” Rao said.
He pointed out that in many rural areas there are very few bridges, and even the ones that are constructed are often too short to cross rivers and can lead to landslides.
“I would say that there is an urgent need to build bridges, so that people can cross rivers, and there is a need to construct new roads, roads that can move water and food,” Rao added.
“A lot of the infrastructure that we have today is not designed to support people to move around and get from one place to another.
It can be used for roads, but people don’t use roads in those areas,” he noted.
“So, there is no space for people to grow their own food.”
Improvers health and livelihoods: Another area where a lack of infrastructure has made it difficult to access basic services has been health.
“While the RDI [resource allocation and disbursement] has increased